You get a chance to admire the shimmering purple-blue iridescence of this once plentiful bird

It isn’t until you come near that you notice this bird’s dazzling purplish-blue iridescence.

The purple martin (Progne subis) is the biggest swallow in North America, at 20 cm in length.

You get a chance to admire the shimmering purple-blue iridescence of this once plentiful bird

Adult males have a glossy iridescent dark purple sheen due to incident light refraction.

Giving them a brilliant blue to navy blue or deep purple look.

They may even seem green under some lighting conditions.

They have a long forked tail as well.

Adult females have a black top, a purple back, and paler underparts.

You get a chance to admire the shimmering purple-blue iridescence of this once plentiful bird

Juveniles are grayish brown on top and pale on the bottom, with purple feathers after their first winter.

These birds may be found across eastern North America, as well as on the west coast from British Columbia to Mexico.

In the winter, the Purple Martin migrates to the Amazon basin.

Purple martins prefer towns, farms, and semi-open area near water, as well as mountain woods and saguaro desert.

These birds hunt flying insects such as wasps, winged ants, and bees.

As well as numerous genuine bugs, flies, beetles, moths, and butterflies.

You get a chance to admire the shimmering purple-blue iridescence of this once plentiful bird

Dragonflies may potentially play an essential role in their nutrition. They will eat spiders as well.

Purple Marins nest in cavities in trees, most of which are ancient woodpecker holes (or in giant cacti in the Southwest).

Most martins in the East now utilize nesting boxes. They have been observed nesting in holes in structures or cliffs.

A nest is a cup of leaves, grass, twigs, detritus, and frequently mud that is created by both sexes.

Within, up to 3 to 8 white eggs are placed and incubated by the female for 15 to 18 days.

Both parents feed food to the nestlings, who leave the nest after 26 to 31 days.

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