A beautifully rufous bird wearing a brilliant iridescent orange-red throat that shines from any angle

A lovely rufous hummingbird with an iridescent orange neck.

One of North America’s tiniest hummingbirds is barely 7.5 to 9 cm long and weighs 3 grams.

A beautifully rufous bird wearing a brilliant iridescent orange-red throat that shines from any angle

The back and forehead of the male are glossy green or bronze-green, with rust-colored (rufous) flanks and rump (lower back).

The rump of some males is orange. The male’s neck is similarly an iridescent orange-red or copper-red, with elongated feathers extending to the sides.

His orange tail is pointed and has black ends. The tail feather on the very tip is incredibly thin.

His wings are dark in hue, and he has a white breast. Behind his dark eyes, the male has a white patch.

A beautifully rufous bird wearing a brilliant iridescent orange-red throat that shines from any angle

The female resembles the male but lacks the male’s bright neck patch, instead having a speckled throat.

There may be a few crimson throat feathers visible. Her chin, throat, and breast are all a drab white color.

Except for the rufous-colored, white-tipped rounded tail, her top plumage is predominantly green.

Her under tail feathers are a light cinnamon color.

Allen’s hummingbird’s breeding area is continuous along a small stretch of the Pacific Coast, from southwest Oregon to southern California (Long, 1997).

A beautifully rufous bird wearing a brilliant iridescent orange-red throat that shines from any angle

Their migration routes may take them across southern Arizona and Nevada, down the Gulf Coast from Texas to Louisiana, and into western Washington.

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